Occupational therapy is a client-centered health profession that promotes health and well-being through meaningful and purposeful activities. Occupational therapy aims to help individuals whose abilities in daily life are or may become restricted due to diseases, accidents, developmental disorders or other reasons; regain their mental, social and physical abilities back. Occupational therapists work with disadvantaged groups such as elderly people, disabled people, street children, people who abuse substances, people with psychiatric conditions. Occupational therapists’ roles include reducing employment problems, improving the health-related quality of life among all age groups, working through functional independence through person/environment/ activity adaptations, designing adaptive devices suiting individuals’ needs, modifiying the environment with the aim of universal design; with the main goal of independence in activities of daily life fort he individual(s). Graduates work in many areas such as public/university hospitals, private hospitals, special education and rehabilitation centers, geriatric centers, retirement homes, schools, support training rooms, social activity centers, community mental health centers.